Family members in the nominative
English Finnish
father isä
mother äiti
son poika
daughter tytär
grandfather isoisä
grandmother isoäiti
uncle (father's brother) setä
uncle (mother's brother) eno
aunt täti
cousin serkku
granddaughter (son's daughter) pojantytär
granddaughter (daughter's daughter) tyttärentytär
great-granddaughter (son's son's daughter) pojanpojantytär
great-granddaughter (daughter's son's daughter) tyttärenpojantytär
great-granddaughter (son's daughter's daughter) pojantyttärentytär
great-granddaughter (daughter's daughter's daughter) tyttärentyttärentytär
grandson (son's son) pojanpoika
grandson (daughter's son) tyttärenpoika
great-grandson (son's son's son) pojanpojanpoika
great-grandson (daughter's son's son) tyttärenpojanpoika
great-granddaughter (son's daughter's son) pojantyttärenpoika
great-granddaughter (daughter's daughter's son) tyttärentyttärenpoika
niece (brother's daughter) veljentytär
niece (sister's daughter) sisarentytär
nephew (brother's son) veljenpoika
nephew (sister's son) sisarenpoika
sister sisko
sisar
brother veli
sister-in-law (from the wife's perspective; her brother's wife or her husband's sisters)  käly
sister-in-law (from the wife's perspective; her husband's brother's wife)  nato
brother-in-law lanko
daughter-in-law miniä
son-in-law vävy
(immediate) family perhe
(extended) family suku
parents vanhemmat
grandparents isovanhemmat
single mother yksinhuoltajaäiti
yh-äiti
single father yksinhuoltajaisä
yh-isä
nuclear family ydinperhe
### uusperhe
family that doesn't have one male and one female as the parents sateenkaariperhe
husband mies
aviomies
common-law husband avomies
wife vaimo
aviovaimo
common-law wife avovaimo
spouse puoliso
stepson poikapuoli
stepmother äitipuoli
stepfather isäpuoli
stepdaughter tytärpuoli
stepsister sisarpuoli
stepbrother velipuoli
the youngest child kuopus
the oldest child esikoinen
dad faija (dial. Helsinki)
iskä
isi
issee (dial. Ostro)
mom mutsi (dial. Helsinki)
äiskä 
äitee (dial. Ostro)
äiree (dial. Ostro)
grandma famma
mummo
mummi
ahku (dial. Northern)
mumma (dial. Ostro)
nanna
grandpa ukki
äijä
pappa
paapa
paappa (dial. Ostro)
bro(ther) broidi (dial. Helsinki)
sister systeri (dial. Helsinki)

NB. Many of the words for in-laws have fallen out of use in the more urban areas, but are in use, at least to some degree, in the rest of the country.


©1998, 1999, 2000 Kimberli Mäkäräinen
All Rights Reserved.