Finnish Relative Pronouns in the Nominative
Singular Plural
which, who, that joka jotka
what mikä mitkä

NB. The indefinite joka does not decline, although its counterpart jokainen does. For example, both of the following examples are equivalent to each other and are correct Finnish:
 

Hän kutsui joka pojan luokseen. S/he invited each boy to his/her place.
Hän kutsui jokaisen pojan luokseen. S/he invited each boy to his/her place.

Mikä can also be an interrogative. The easiest way to tell if it is an interrogative or a relative pronoun is to try to replace it with joka. If you can replace it with joka, then it is a relative pronoun.

When joka is used in a sentence, it refers back to the word directly in front of it. On the other hand, mikä can refer back to the word before it or the whole sentence. 


Punctuation traps!

When using joka or mikä, they must be separated from the word before them by a comma because they start a relative subordinate clause.



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