Type 6 verbs
(-eta/-etä, e.g. paeta, kyetä, etc.)

These types of verbs end in -eta or -etä. To find this type of verb's infinitive stem, remove the -a or . For the personal suffix stem, change the -t- to -ne- and remember to do consonant gradation, thus vaieta's stem for personal suffixes is vaikene- and vaiet- for the infinitive stem.

NB. Consonant gradation does occur in Type 6 verbs!

Examples of some Type 6 verbs:

Verbs that look like they belong to type 6, but actually belong to type 4: Even though their infinitives stay the same, some verbs are slowly changing from Type 6 to Type 4: And some have synonyms (not always completely compatible though!) that are Type 1: Occasionally the synonyms combine so that in some cases one form is used, while in other cases, the second one is used, e.g. erkaantua is used in the infinitive form, but erkene- (from erjetä) is used as the personal suffix stem! In some cases, the forms overlap, e.g. erkaantuvat and erkenevät.

Type 6 verbs are usually created from adjectives and have the underlying meaning of become the adjective or become more like the adjective. Some of these verbs do seem to have nouns as their root though, although it could just be that their adjectival root has disappeared from the language.

When declining Type 6 verbs, remember that consonant gradation does occur and that the infinitive always has a weak vowel and that the finite forms have a strong one. Thus:

Infinitive vaieta
1st person singular - present indicative vaikenen
3rd person plural - present indicative vaikenevat
3rd person singular - past indicative vaikeni
Active past participle vaiennut
Passive past participle vaiettu
2nd person plural - imperative vaietkaa
2nd person singular - imperative vaikene

©1998, 1999, 2000 Kimberli Mäkäräinen
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